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History at Tirol Castle

History at Tirol Castle

Tyrol Castle is Tyrol’s most historically important castle. Its owners, the Counts of Vinschgau, who were also known as the Counts of Tyrol, represented the region that was named after them for almost a thousand years. 
The castle was constructed between 1138 and 1160.
The decline of Tyrol Castle, which eventually only housed a castle attendant, chaplain and woodsman, began at the end of the 16th century. In the first half of the 17th century the entire northern side, where the royal suites were located, was removed – due to fears arising from the fragility of the moraine hill on which the castle stands. Eventually, in 1816 the city of Meran acquired the castle and subsequently gifted it to Emperor Franz I.
After the First World War the castle passed into the ownership of the Italian state and only changed hands again as a consequence of the Package Agreement in 1972. Today the regional government of the Autonomous Province has established its museum for culture and regional history there.
The gate to the palace courtyard and that at the chapel entrance are notable examples of local art in the Romanesque style of the 12th century. The large hall still has three original coupled round arched windows with centre pillars. The two-storey chapel can be accessed through the second, richly adorned marble doorway.
In the chapel with its round apse there are a gothic altar, marble sculptures, numerous early-gothic wall paintings, Tyrol’s oldest stained glass window and a powerful, carved wooded crucifixion group from the 14th century.
Additional informations can be found on the website www.schlosstirol.it.
On the hill under the castle is a bird sanctuary where visitors can learn about the fascinating life of birds of prey. The main aim of the centre is to nurse the helpless and injured birds until they are healthy again, and then introduce them back into the wild. If this is not possible the centre gives the animals a new home. www.gufyland.com.

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Hotel & Garni *** · Family Josef & Annemarie Somvi · Via principale 64 · I-39019 Tirolo - Alto Adige - Italy · Tel. 0473 923504 · Fax 473 923764 · info@somvi.com

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